Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
Arthro means joint and scopy means to look. Arthroscopy means looking at the joint. Looking at the joint is possible today by means of very small sized and advanced cameras and high display qualities.
During the arthroscopy procedure, the joint is entered by an arthroscope through small incisions with the length of 5-6 mm. Arthroscope is a bar shaped metallic pipe with the diameter of 5,5 mm and is composed of lenses placed inside of it and it is connected to a camera from its rear for transferring the image. It is started to be used in HD resolution with the cameras and screens today. There is a ring flash system, in which a clod light source is used, at the end of the arthroscope and this ensures perfect illumination of the joint. Image from the arthroscope is zoomed 4 to 10 times depending on the proximity of the area looked and is reflected to the screen.
Concepts of joint surgeries have changed with the introduction of arthroscopic surgery to orthopedics. Today, it is possible to use arthroscopic surgery even for finger joints.
Today with arthroscopic surgery, it is possible to perform meniscus surgeries and meniscus restorations, meniscus cyst removals, meniscus implants and transplantations, cruciate ligament surgeries, some fractures related to knee joint, synovia surgeries, attached joint opening and cartilage transplantation where necessary, in knee joint.
Advantages of arthroscopic surgery:
• Less scar on the knees after the surgery thanks to arthroscopic knee surgery,
• less painful and easier surgeries for the patients,
• shorter recovery periods after the surgeries.
• Interventions that are very difficult, perhaps impossible to do with open surgery, can be made with arthroscopic surgery.